The structure of thermally reduced graphene oxide


  • Sabina Elżbieta Drewniak Department of Optoelectronics Silesian University of Technology 2 Krzywoustego Street 44-100 Gliwice Poland
  • Roksana Muzyka Institute for Chemical Processing of Coal 1 Zamkowa Street 41-803 Zabrze Poland
  • Łukasz Drewniak



The paper focused on the description of the reduced graphene oxide (rGO) structure. This material is obtained from a multistage production process. Each of these stages has a large impact on its structure (the number and type of functional groups, number of defect or the size of the flakes), and this in turn affects its properties. We would like to visualize the reduced graphene oxide, both using a diagram showing the atomic structure, as well as by imaging using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). In the paper, the elementary composition of selected elements and data obtained from X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy technique (XPS) will be also presented.

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How to Cite

S. E. Drewniak, R. Muzyka, and Łukasz Drewniak, “The structure of thermally reduced graphene oxide”, Photonics Lett. Pol., vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 52–54, Jul. 2020.